CBD Scientific Information is slowly growing in the USA. CBD (Cannabidiol) oil has rapidly become a hot new product across the United States. Many states have legalized medical marijuana and have passed laws concerning the sale of CBD products.
CBD is a non-intoxicating marijuana extract and is being credited with helping treat a long list of medical problems. CBD is being reported to improve health conditions that suffer from anxiety, epileptic seizures, inflammation, sleeplessness and many more. However, the claims of CBD benefits are far from proven scientific fact, and experts say the evidence is rare for most of these touted benefits.
CBD Scientific Information Needed
Some scientific studies have been done on CBD but not enough to substantiate the wide variety of claims. From the consumer’s side of CBD products, the biggest problem is the lack of quality standards. CBD is being produced without comprehensive, standardized regulation, resulting in products that vary widely in quality.
Cannabidiol is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants. It does not produce intoxication; marijuana’s “high” is caused by the chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD oil is legal in 30 states where medicinal and recreational marijuana is legal, according to Governing magazine.
Seventeen additional states have CBD-specific laws on the books, according to Prevention magazine. Those are Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
More studies need to be done on CBD health benefits. There is significant scientific evidence for one purported use for cannabidiol, to treat epilepsy.
Last month, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel unanimously recommended approval of the CBD medication Epidiolex to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy.
Timothy Welty, chair of the department of clinical sciences at Drake University’s College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, in Des Moines, Iowa stated:
“That’s really the only area where the evidence has risen to the point where the FDA has said this is acceptable to approve a new drug.”
For the rest of CBD’s potential uses, there is just too little evidence to make a firm scientific conclusion. It has been reported that some human clinical trials suggest that CBD could be useful in treating symptoms of anxiety, particularly social anxiety. Experts have also indicated that CBD’s usefulness as an anti-inflammatory medication is the next most promising, but those results come mostly from animal studies.
Lack of Regulation Also Concerning
Because of the legal issues from state to state, the FDA has not stepped in to regulate products like CBD oil. States are struggling to put regulations in place, but they don’t have the deep pockets of the federal government.
Meanwhile, a 2017 study led by Bonn-Miller found that nearly 7 of 10 CBD products didn’t contain the amount of marijuana extract promised on the label.
Nearly 43 percent of the products contained too little CBD, while about 26 percent contained too much, Bonn-Miller said.
“CBD is kind of a tricky drug because it’s not very well absorbed orally,” Welty explained. “Less than 20 percent of the drug is absorbed orally. If it isn’t made in the right way, you may not be getting many drugs into your systemic circulation.”
Worse, about 1 in 5 CBD products contained the intoxicating pot chemical THC, Bonn-Miller and his colleagues found.
“That’s a problem because THC can increase anxiety. It can actually make seizures worse. Those are the sorts of things you need to be careful about,” Bonn-Miller said. “If I were a consumer, purchasing it for myself or my kid, I would want to test it so that I knew what it actually had in it because I couldn’t trust what was on the label,” Bonn-Miller concluded.
CBD Interactions With Other Meds
Studies on CBD also have raised concerns about possible interactions with other drugs.
Reported epilepsy studies found there were evident increases in the blood levels of some other anti-epileptic drugs when people were on CBD. This could mean that people taking anti-epilepsy drugs alongside CBD will need to adjust their dosage downward to avoid side effects.
There also is some indication that CBD might harm the liver. About 10 percent of people taking CBD in one study, had increases in liver enzymes, which would indicate possible liver damage. It is recommended that people interested in CBD seek out a doctor who has read up on the extract and its potential uses.
Many experts believe the best advice for people intending to use CBD is they should be under the care of a health care provider who understands CBD. They need to be monitored and managed by that individual, and not just go out and buy CBD thinking it’s going to be the answer.